Biblioteek Intranet Nuus
Library Intranet News

 

Departement Biblioteekdienste 

Universiteit van Pretoria 

 
          Department of Library Services 

University of Pretoria 

        Augustus 2010 Uitgawe 1 • August 2010 Issue 1  

 

INHOUD  •  CONTENTS

 

   Robert's visit to Washington DC

   What am I and What is my purpose in my community?

   Elsabé Olivier has been appointed as a member of the NDLTD Board

   UPLS 2010 Skills Development

   UP Library Services welcomes new staff members

   In Pursuit Of Excellence

   Apply Action To your Dreams

   e-Boek vir Augustus / e-Book for August

  Augustus boek van die maand / August book of the month

  Birthdays of this month / Verjaardae hierdie maand

  Het jy geweet.... / Did you know .....

 

Robert's visit to Washington DC

1.       Background

 

The main purpose for this trip was to attend the World Digital Library (WDL) partners’ meeting, which was coordinated by the Library of Congress staff members.  The organizers deemed it fit to hold this meeting in Washington D C and to dovetail it with the ALA Conference, which was also held in D.C.  This was indeed an excellent idea.  I was able to benefit from the subsidy that the Library of Congress made available for the representatives of the WDL partners from developing countries.   The WDL meeting was held on 22 & 23 June 2010 and the ALA Conference started on 24 June and ended on 29 June 2010. 

  

   

The White House

 

WWo World Digital Library (WDL)

 

As you are aware, our Library is a partner of the WDL.  (Visit the WDL website for more information: http://www.wdl.org/en/).  This was the first meeting since the launch of WDL in Paris in April 2009.  WDL, which has 88 partners, is the initiative of the Library of Congress in conjunction with UNESCO. 

 

One of the important items on the agenda of this meeting was to set up an Executive Council according to the constitution of the WDL.  The five individuals elected to serve on the Executive Council are: Dr. Abdulla bin Ali Al-Thani, Vice President for Education, Qatar Foundation; Dr. Barbara Schneider-Kempf, General Director, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Germany; Dr. Ismail Serageldin, Director, Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt; Dr. Muniz Sodré de Araújo Cabral, President, National Library of Brazil; and Mr. Wei Dawei, Deputy Director, National Library of China. They will be joined by the Director-General of UNESCO or her designee, and by the Librarian of Congress, Dr. James H. Billington (in his capacity as the director of the institution serving as the Project Manager) to round out the seven-person council.

The WDL has the following committees:

a)         ã   The Content Selection Committee which is co-chaired by Dr. Rifaat Hilal, Vice Chair of the National Library and Archives of Egypt, and Dr. Sreten Ugricic, Director of the National Library of Serbia;

 

b)         ã   The Technical Architecture Committee which is co-chaired by Dr. Noha Adly of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina and Dr. Babak Hamidzadeh of the Library of Congress and

 

c)         ã The Translation and Language Committee which is co-chaired by Dr. Makoto Nagao, Librarian, National Diet Library, Japan, and Mr. Robert Moropa, Director, Department of Library Services, Merensky Library, University of Pretoria.
 

This meeting, which was attended by 84 participants, was a success.  I left the meeting encouraged.

 

3.       ALA Conference

 

This conference, which was attended by more than 25 000 participants, was the biggest conference, within the LIS profession, that I ever attended.  The programme directory that delegates received inside their conference bags was as big as an MA dissertation.  I found it to be complex.  I had to go through it carefully to select sessions that I would be attending.  Having selected them I discovered that I was not going to be able to attend most of them since many of them were taking place at the same time or were overlapping. 

 

The few that I was able to attend were interesting.  The opening session, for instance, was excellent.  Apart from being professionally run, this session was brought to a climax by the speech made by Toni Morrison.  Morrison who is a Nobel Prize-winning American author, editor and professor, held her audience spellbound as she shared with them her wealth of experience as an author.  In her talk she,  highlighted the crucial role that libraries played in the development of her career as an author. 

 

In between attending the conference sessions, I was privileged to also take part in the meetings that Pat Busby and Joan Rapp had scheduled with the senior staff members of the university libraries that will be hosting Information Specialists from our Library and those from 5 other university libraries that are members of the Library Research Consortium.  These Information Specialists, a total of 5 from our Library, will spend about 6 weeks doing internship at top American research university libraries.  Mesdames Busby and Rapp took advantage of the fact that some of the senior staff members from these host libraries would be attending the ALA Conference by scheduling meetings with them.  We had five separate interesting meetings with these hosts.  I was struck by their enthusiasm and excitement over what they saw as an excellent opportunity to be part of this excellent programme that is funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

 

Photo with Congressman Jim Langevin

 

The high point of my attendance of this conference was my participation in the Advocacy Day Rally.  This rally, that involved marching to Capitol Hill and holding formal meetings with Congressmen/women, was the closing event of the conference.  I joined a group of librarians from Rhode Island who met with their Congressman Jim Langevin (see photo of Congressman and the librarians from Rhode Island).  Visit the following website for more photos of the rally: (http://www.flickr.com/photos/alawash/sets/72157624267125311/). 

 

   

    Part of the exhibitions at the ALA Conference                          Robert at the ALA exhibitions                           Ross Hattingh of Sabinet and Robert in Washington DC

 

I am satisfied with the way this trip went.  I have succeeded in using it effectively to represent UPLS on an international stage.

 

Contributed by Robert Moropa

What am I and What is my purpose in my community?

 

This is a question that came to mind one evening when I was attending a parent’s meeting at my daughter’s school, Motheong Independent Primary School in Atteridgeville. The principal gave an annual feedback report and made a plea for parents to assist the school with donations of books, shelves and computers. She informed us that the school had two libraries for junior and senior grades, the senior library was built for them by Avis as part of their community outreach project.

 

I didn’t know the professions of other parents, I was shy to commit myself but the Librarian in me started haunting me from that night. I kept talking to fellow librarians about my plan to assist the school but never put it to action until on the 20th of March 2010. LIASA members gathered at the National Library to launch the South African Library week. There was one person in particular that moved me from my comfort zone, and if she is going to read this article she will automatically know it was her, She said “Librarianship is a noble profession, we are here to serve communities and if there is anyone of you here who is not interested in the education of children then they chose the wrong profession, they must leave”. Iyo, that was hush “Sister Boss” but it sunk in and went to the deepest corner of my heart. I was more determined to start my project but where will I get all the books, shelves and computers?.

 

There was a presenter from RoomToRead, Lorato TROK, she gave us a brief history about their company, their mission and goals and I liked her for one thing, she mentioned that she had more than 20 000 books to donate to schools, aha!! Problem one solved. Fortunately she was seated not far from me, so the moment she sat down I extended my hand to congratulate her for a wonderful speech, I requested her business card. The chairperson made a mistake of giving us 5min for recess and I utilised that well, I told Lorato about my project. I called her the next Monday, gave her the specifications of the books I wanted and It was a piece of pie.

 

Another favourite speaker was Jean WILLIAMS (The Executive director of Biblionef), she also told wonderful news about their projects and mentioned that they also donate books to schools and people should apply. You should have seen my face, I was waiting patiently for the contact details part. That was my lucky day, I was also intrigued by the Storyteller, how talented she was, and I thought I would give the principal her details so that they can invite her in future to our famous Pyjamas & Pillows Storytelling Sessions.

 

All this happened on my birthday, 20th March 2010, the birthday of the National Library of South Africa. Besides the colourful cake, the contact details and information I got were just the most precious gift anybody could ask for.

 

The noble work challenge begins

 

First thing on that Monday morning I made an appointment with my leader to request permission to undertake the project. I was scared that she would tell me to go back to my office and do my cataloguing but she was so encouraging and offered support should I need it (Thank you Soekie).

 

I attended a Presentation skills course at the 11th LIASA annual conference and a PowerPoint course in February. This was the perfect opportunity to test my know-how. I

 

drafted my presentation on PowerPoint and luckily there was a school storytelling session scheduled for that week. I went to the principal handed in my folder and requested her to read the proposal overnight as I will be meeting with her to discuss it the next day. We met and she bought the idea. I assured her that as the University of Pretoria, We are committed to contributing to community development and we will not disappoint the school. I requested her to email me the history of the school and the school’s letterhead. I also took photos of the libraries. I started drafting the requisition letters and with the approval of the principal I started sending them out to possible donors.

 

Assessing the Motheong Primary School Library

 

Motheong Primary school actively encourages a culture of reading amongst its learners. The school currently has a junior and senior library run by both staff and grade 7 learners. Mrs Moyo is responsible for handling books in the junior library and Mrs Carolyn Sanford handles the senior library books.

 

SDC10678.JPG       SDC10679.JPG  

The libraries cater for 350 potential users and open at breaks and after school to allow learners to take out or return books and also to sit in the library and browse through books, read or do research using a few reference books in the collection.

 

SDC10680.JPG 

Learners are issued with school diaries at the beginning of each term and at the back of each diary is a reading log. Learners are required to read a library book for 30 minutes each day in their own time and record the name of the book, pages read and parent’s/guardian’s signature in this log every day.  They receive credits for each day that they read and the log is completed. Classes have access to the libraries (there is enough space – including tables and chairs for one class at a time) for research purpose or to borrow books.

 

SDC10676.JPG     SDC10677.JPG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The senior library was built by Avis Community Outreach Project in 2009 to serve the reading needs of the learners and to support teaching. The libraries have a very limited collection and few shelves, no computers (internet), no library system and no school and library website.

 

 SDC10674.JPG

 

Setwork books are chosen carefully in order to instil the love for reading and a lot of time is spent in the english class reading and discussing these books. Time is allocated every week during the English class for silent reading of library books.

Educators also read carefully selected books to the learners during story time twice a week.

 

SDC10672.JPGShelve reading is also done frequently. Learners use cards for access to the library. A manual card system is used to keep a record of books issued and returned to the library.

 

Although the mother tongue language of children varies (Sotho, Sepedi, Zulu, Setswana, Xhosa), the few books already collected by the Motheong libraries are all in English as English is taught as the first language in Motheong. 

 

SDC10673.JPG

 

A storytelling evening is held every year. All learners from grade 4-7 participate. They are required to each write a story on a given topic. The best story from each class is read out at storytelling evening by the learner. A guest storyteller is also invited to read or to tell the learners stories.

 

The nearest public library is in Saulsville, Atteridgeville, approximately 5km away from Motheong. The learners do not, however all come from Atteridgeville and many do not have access to libraries close to their homes. The school’s dream is to extend the collection, the library service to the classrooms to create reading corners in each room and to have enough books to issue to the pupils when they go on school holidays.

The current status report of the project

 

 

 

1. On the 07th May 2010, I went with Mr. MOYO (Motheong - Teacher) to the South African Institute of International Affairs. SDC10690.JPG

2.     Mrs Alice RAMOHLOLA (Head Librarian) donated used furniture for the school and it was delivered to the school on the same day.

3.  The University of Pretoria Library staff members and students donated books on South African Library Week

in support of the “every child a book campaign”.

Ms Ujala SATGOOR decided on the 27th July 2010 that the relevant books be selected and donated to project.

 

4.  Mr Joel DIPALE of RoomToRead also made a donation of English books for grade 1 -7 on the 27th July 2010.

 

5.  Request letters were sent out to possible donors including UP library to request donations for shelves & computers

Still awaiting responses.

 

6.  A request letter was sent to Biblionef on 5th May 2010 to request books, Jean Williams promised to contact the school

Still awaiting further action.

 

7.  Computers, school & library website - Dr. Martina JORDAAN, Senior Lecturer: Community-Based Project Module at the University of Pretoria promised on the 15th of June 2010, to include the Motheong Project on the list of her students’ projects for 2011.

 

8.  Organisation of resources on the library system (when available) and continuous shelve reading - Mmakgoshi REETSENG is a bona fide Cataloguer she will assist should there be a need.

 

Lessons learned

 

       It has been confirmed that LIASA gatherings are platforms for learning and knowledge sharing and offers an opportunity for networking with knowledgeable people in the LIS sector.

       Once you have decided on a project you should always be on the look-out for opportunities that will add value to the project, have your letters or proposals ready and act spontaneously.

       Research about your donors, find out what is required for your applications. Also browse the web to check if other people have done the project before, who assisted them and take your chances as well.

       Never give yourself a deadline closer to your benefactor’s or recipient’s deadline, some people are ever too busy to respond or to read emails on time and always follow-up.

       It’s okay to knock on the same door more than once just to check if they haven’t changed their minds about giving.

       Not all the promising sponsors will believe in your story, so, leave room for disappointment.

       As one sails up and down the career path one shouldn’t burn the bridges, you never know when you might want to cross to the other side of the road.

       Show recognition to the sponsors by giving them feedback and inviting them when delivering the donated items.

 

Considerations for Motheong Primary school

 

       The two school librarians at Motheong should consider joining LIASA and the interest group for school libraries.

       By joining LIASA they will get the opportunity to attend workshops and conferences, share information with fellow school librarians, network and learn more about developments in school librarianship.

 

Conclusion

 

I salute all the Motheong Library sponsors, including the UP community for a generous donation of books we received in support to SALW, to the colleagues who kept on encouraging and supporting me and most importantly my colleagues in the Big-office on level 6 for editing my letters and tolerating my moods when things were not going right.

 

To all my fellow librarians, let us realise the difference we can make to our communities and act. As Mr MOROPA said at the CICD Winter seminar on the 29 June 2009 “We should think out of the box and move away from the belief that we are “just” librarians and therefore cannot add value to the university’s mission.

 

The project continues………….. Watch this space.

 

I AM A LIBRARIAN, I JUST MADE A DIFFERENCE.

 

Mmakgoshi Prescilla REETSENG

When you find a dream inside your heart, don’t ever let it go. For dreams are the tiny seeds, from which beautiful tomorrows grow  …  Author unknown - UP 2010 Diary.

Contributed by Mmakgoshi Prescilla REETSENG

Elsabé Olivier has been appointed as a member of the NDLTD Board

 

Elsabé Olivier of the Open Scholarship Office has recently been appointed as a member of the NDLTD Board for a 3-year term, beginning immediately. NDLTD or Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations is an international organization dedicated to promoting the adoption, creation, use, dissemination, and preservation of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) http://www.ndltd.org/

 

 

Congratulations, Elsabé - may the new challenge bring you joy and fulfilment.

 

UPLS 2010 Skills Development
2010 SKILLS DEVELOPMENT FUND
Surname & Initials Personnel Number Course Name Provider/ Institution Start Date End Date Cost
Diana Gerritsen 1251198 Global Congress for Executive Assistants and Office Professionals, 2010

AMC

International

24-Feb 26-Feb 23341.50
Magda Engelbrecht 2615126
Una Mgwenya 4186222
E Oliver 1297376 Supervisory Management Skills  CE@UP 24-Mar 26-Mar 5800.00
J Maaga 4417704 Supervisory Management Skills  CE@UP 24-Mar 30-Apr 5800.00
S Steynberg 1233688 Internet Research CE@UP  24-May 25-May 2915.00

UP Library Services welcomes new staff members / Departement Biblioteekdienste verwelkom nuwe personeel

 

Die Departement Biblioteekdienste verwelkom die volgende personeellede, wat by ons span aangesluit het by die Universiteit van Pretoria: / The Department of Library Services welcomes the following members of staff who joined our team at the University of Pretoria:

 

From left to right:  Ms M C Mashaba (Learning Centre), Mr H T Mathonsi (Level 5), Ms F Buthelezi (level 6),

Mr E M Sefolo (Library Technical Services) and Ms M M Gomba (Inter Library Loans)


Ons vertrou dat hul verbintenis met ons lank en aangenaam sal wees. /  We hope that their association with us will be long and happy.

 

 

Contributed by Salomie Stolz

 

In Pursuit Of Excellence

 

The pursuit of excellence applies to us all, regardless of our positions or where we work! Let's explore three of the most important points, starting today:
 

  1. To succeed, you must be brilliant at the basics. To be excellent, you must constantly build upon your key workplace skills, including communication (verbal, written and electronic), leadership, organization, time management and the like. These basics are the foundation for more advanced skills, such as persuasion, negotiation, crisis management and conflict resolution. So remember: The more finely honed your basic skills are at all times, the more successful you'll be in your job going forward.
     
  2. We can all be part of an "Inner Circle." "Inner Circle Assistant" is a term used to describe an administrative professional who - through hard work and efforts to earn managers' trust, among other things - advances to a coveted position far beyond job-title limitations. An Inner Circle Assistant becomes a vital part of a management team. The same is true for every position, when you think about it. If you care about excellence, you're always striving to reach the
    Inner Circle
    - or to ensure that your work keeps you there. Why? Because that's where the action is!
     
  3. Become a learning sponge, especially when you're a veteran in your profession. Today's economy and workplace are ever-changing. No matter how well versed you are in your profession or how well you know your business, ongoing career success absolutely depends on continuing education. So avoid resting on your laurels! Get out there each day and challenge yourself to learn something new. It's sure to be an asset in your current position, and you'll be able to take that knowledge with you wherever you are in life! It's a win-win strategy.

Source:  OPSA Terrific Tuesday Newsletter 4 May 2010

 

Contributed by Diana Gerritsen

 

Apply Action To your Dreams

Having a dream is important. Dreams help us to envision what our future can be. But having a dream isn't enough. The dream is only the beginning. You must be willing to take the dream and do something with it. Turning a dream into reality takes action.

To create your dreams into reality, you must be willing to do the actions required. Dreams will remain dreams and eventually turn into a regret without action. Dreams not realized are the results of doing nothing about them. Allowing a dream to die due to lack of action is a sad thing indeed.

In order to move a dream into reality you have to turn your dream into a goal and then create a plan. Once you have a plan you have to act on that plan. Taking the first step will be the most challenging. It takes the most effort to get into motion. Once in motion, you can build on that momentum to keep you going.

The first thing to do with a dream is to determine if it is a dream or a fantasy. There is a big difference. I have a fantasy of appearing in a Broadway play. The reason it isn't a dream is because I don't have a burning desire to make that happen. It is fun to think about, but I am not willing to do anything about it. A dream is something that creates a burning desire within you. The pull is so strong that you feel compelled to do something about it. When you combine a strong desire, the willingness to make it happen, and action, you can make your dreams come true.

Are you willing to take action to make your dream a reality?

Decide if your dream is really just a fantasy. If it is that is great. There is nothing you need to do. If your dream is a burning desire action is required to make it come true.

Source:  OPSA Terrific Tuesday Newsletter 4 May 2010

 

Contributed by Diana Gerritsen

 

e-Boek vir Augustus / e-Book for August

 

2010 is die jaar van elektroniese boeke by UP.

Met die snel ontwikkelende tegnologie van e-boeklesers soos

Kindle en iPad saam met ebrary is die biblioteek nou in 'n posisie om meer e-boeke aan te koop en bekend te stel.

Elke maand sal 'n nuwe e-boek in die nuusbrief en op die webblad aangekondig word.

Kyk gerus daarna en terugvoer is baie welkom.

 

³³³³ : ³³³³

 

2010 is the year of the electronic books at UP. 

With the rapid technology development of e-book readers like Kindle and IPad, and also new development at Ebrary,

is the library now in a position to buy and promote more e-books.

Enjoy this new development - feedback and comments are welcome.

 

*~*~*~*

 

The handbook of global outsourcing and offshoring / Ilan Oshri, Julia Kotlarsky and Leslie P. Willcocks.

Oshri, Ilan.

2009 Pan-Macmillan
Series:
ISBN: 9780230251076
ECHO single user
Last Received by Blackwell: 07/16/2010

 

 

 

Contributed by Chrissie Boeyens 

                                                                                                                              

Augustus boek van die maand /August book of the month

 
Women and art in South Africa © 1996 / Marion Arnold
 
 

Women and art in South Africa.  In this pioneering study, Marion Arnold explores the connections, hitherto hidden or neglected, between women and art in South Africa.  By doing so, she recovers the rich histories of South African women artists and celebrates their creativity in the visual arts

Read more...

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contributed by Katrien Malan

Library Intranet Newsletter Publication / Publikasie van die Biblioteek Intranet Nuusbrief

 

Indien jy enige kommentaar of voorstelle oor die nuusbrief het, epos ons asseblief by diana.gerritsen@up.ac.za - ons hoor graag jou opinie.

 

If you have any comments or suggestions about our newsletter, then please mail us on diana.gerritsen@up.ac.za - we are very keen to hear your opinions.

 

     

 

To contribute, please e-mail Diana Gerritsen. Contributions can be in Afrikaans or English.

 

Om 'n bydrae te maak e-pos asb. vir Diana Gerritsen. Bydraes kan in Afrikaans of Engels wees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Events this

month ...


Gebeure dié

maand ...

   

 

 

 

 

August/Augustus

 

is

 

National Women's Month and Organ Donor Month

 

  Month / Maand

 

 

 

1-7 World Breastfeeding Week
2 Library Exco Meeting
2-6 Rheumatic Fever Week
2-8 National Immunisation Awareness Week
3 International Friendship Day
4 Nasionale Wetenskapsweek
6 Exco Monthly Strategic Planning Session

9

National Women's Day

9 International Day of the World's Indigenous People

12

International Youth Day

17

E-Diensvergadering / E-Service Meeting

18

Library Faculty Managers Forum Meeting

23 International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition
25 e-Steering Committee Meeting

24-31

African Traditional Medicine Week
26 Human Sciences Collection Sub-Committee Meeting
30 Library Advisory Committee Meeting
31 African Traditional Medicine Day

 

 

 

Birthdays this

month ...


Verjaarsdae dié

maand ...

 

 

 

1 Sunette Steynberg
2 Mev S C Fourie
3 Rianie van der Linde
4 Riekie du Plessis
5 Elmar Snyman
6 Robert Moropa
  Elna Randall
  T J Rapitsi
8 M F Mojela
13 Isobel Rycroft
14 Joy Wilson
  Bongi Letlape
17 Elsa Schaffner
18 Rosina Ramokgola
19 Soekie Swanepoel
25 Rachel Mahlangu
  Faan Naudé
27 Emelia Minnaar
31 Sonto Mogale

 

 

 

 

 

"Nobody sees a flower

-- really --

 it is so small it takes time

-- we haven't time --

and to see takes time,

like to have a friend takes time."

 

- Georgia O'Keeffe -

 

 

 

 

Het jy geweet .......

Did you know.......

 

 

Why is a hotdog called a hotdog?

In 1987, Frankfurt, Germany celebrated the 500th birthday of the frankfurter, the hot dog sausage. Although, the people of Vienna (Wien), Austria will point out that their wiener sausages are proof of origin for the hot dog. (By the way, ham, being pork meat, is found in hotdogs.) In “Every wonder why?” Douglas B. Smith explains that the hotdog was given its name by a cartoonist.

A butcher from Frankfurt who owned a dachshund named the long frankfurter sausage a “dachshund sausage,” the dachshund being a slim dog with a long body. (“Dachshund” is German for “badger dog.” They were originally bred for hunting badgers.) German immigrants introduced the dachshund sausage (and Hamburg meat) to the United States. In 1871, German butcher Charles Feltman opened the first “hotdog” stand in Coney Island, selling 3,684 dachshund sausages, most wrapped in a milk bread roll, during his first year in business.

In the meantime, frankfurters – and wieners – were sold as hot food by sausage sellers. In 1901, New York Times cartoonist T.A. Dargan noticed that one sausage seller used bread buns to handle the hot sausages after he burnt his fingers and decided to illustrate the incident. He wasn’t sure of the spelling of dachshund and simply called it “hot dog.”

Eating
Recipes for placing meat between slices of bread date back to Roman times. However, that was for steak, not minced meat. Thus, the steak burger is older than the hamburger!

Sausage is one of the oldest forms of processed food, having been mentioned in Homer’s Odyssey in the 9th century BC.

The tongue is a muscle with glands, sensory cells, and fatty tissue that helps to moisten food with saliva. You cannot taste food unless it is mixed with saliva. For instance, if salt is placed on a dry tongue, the taste buds will not be able to identify it. As soon as saliva is added, the salt dissolves and the taste sensation takes place.

There are 4 basic tastes. The salt and sweet taste buds are at the tip of the tongue, bitter at the base, and sour along the sides.



See: Why is it called a hamburger although it contains no ham?
 
Eating
Recipes for placing meat between slices of bread date back to Roman times. However, that was for steak, not minced meat. Thus, the steak burger is older than the hamburger!

Sausage is one of the oldest forms of processed food, having been mentioned in Homer’s Odyssey in the 9th century BC.

The tongue is a muscle with glands, sensory cells, and fatty tissue that helps to moisten food with saliva. You cannot taste food unless it is mixed with saliva. For instance, if salt is placed on a dry tongue, the taste buds will not be able to identify it. As soon as saliva is added, the salt dissolves and the taste sensation takes place.

There are 4 basic tastes. The salt and sweet taste buds are at the tip of the tongue, bitter at the base, and sour along the sides.



See: Why is it called a hamburger although it contains no ham?
 

Eating

The tongue is a muscle with glands, sensory cells, and fatty tissue that helps to moisten food with saliva. You cannot taste food unless it is mixed with saliva. For instance, if salt is placed on a dry tongue, the taste buds will not be able to identify it. As soon as saliva is added, the salt dissolves and the taste sensation takes place.

There are 4 basic tastes. The salt and sweet taste buds are at the tip of the tongue, bitter at the base, and sour along the sides.

 


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